Backend developers are involved in the writing of APIs, creation of libraries, writing codes for the database, etc. They are basically responsible for writing codes for the web application’s functionality. These web applications are a product of the joint effort of backend and frontend developers.

Differences between backend and frontend development

Frontend and backend development go hand-in-hand. Both are essential for the website application to work. Backend development provides the framework necessary for the website’s functioning, and frontend development enables people to use the website.

The main difference between the backend and the frontend development is that while backend developers work on the website’s functionality, frontend developers work on the website’s interface to determine how the viewers will be able to see the website.

Object-oriented programming & Functional programming

Backend developers can use either object-oriented programming (OOP) or functional programming.

In object-oriented programming (OOP), objects e.g., data structures, are used to represent things. These objects store data in the form of attributes. A lot of backend developers say that OOP is much more suitable for representing complex real problems. Python is an example of a popular OOP language.

In functional programming, the output for a particular function remains the same such that the inputs for that function are not changed. It is useful when you have a fixed set of data, and helps you get a clean, bug-free code. SQL is an example of a popular functional programming language.

Static typing & Dynamic typing

Backend programming languages can either be statically typed or dynamically typed.

In static typing, you need to declare the data types of your variables before using them, which makes it more fixed, but allows you to find any errors. On the other hand, dynamic typing does not require you to declare the data types of variables, which introduces more flexibility, but can be prone to error.

Common backend programming languages

Some of the commonly used backend programming languages include Java, Python, Laravel, C#, etc. But today we are going to talk about the benefits and drawbacks of using Python or Laravel.


We have summarized the advantages and disadvantages of Python below.


One of the biggest benefits of Python is that its syntax is simple, easily understandable and similar to the way humans speak to each other. This makes it possible for programmers to resolve issues with simple and fewer lines of code. It is an object-oriented programming language that is dynamically typed and can be used for both web development, desktop development, AI, deep learning, machine learning etc.

Because of its interpreting nature, it runs the code line by line and does not execute any further if an error is detected, making debugging easier. Python has a huge standard library which enables programmers not to depend on any external libraries.

In addition to this, the majority of the code for Python can be run on any platform, without making any changes to it.


As the code for python is read line by line, the speed of the execution becomes slow. Python also uses a lot of memory, which makes it unsuitable for applications in which memory optimization is a priority. Additionally, being a dynamically-typed language, there is a possibility of running into runtime errors as the data type of variables could change with time.


Now let’s move on to the advantages and disadvantages of Laravel.


A very useful feature that Laravel has is that it includes all the latest features of PHP. It also provides a lot of ease and convenience for the developers as every version of Laravel comes with complete documentation which provides all sorts of clarifications. With Laravel’s built-in access control system, it becomes easier to secure access control and reject unauthorized requests.

Laravel also has an email integration system, which enables you to send emails through both cloud and local services. Because of Laravel’s caching support, the overall performance of the application is enhanced, speed is increased and memory management is also improved. Laravel makes the application’s interface user-friendly, as it handles exceptions and resolves configuration errors.


Laravel lacks in-built support because of being lightweight. Since it involves extensive documentation, developers need to have some experience to get a strong grasp of the language before they can start working on the application. There are also some issues associated with particular updates that can cause minor problems.

How to make a decision?

Both the programming languages discussed offer their own benefits. In order to decide which language you should use, it is important to keep in mind factors such as the type and the complexity of your application, how soon are you planning to market your application, how are you planning to maintain your technology stack, and what are your security requirements.

There is a lot of work that needs to be done to ensure that your backend and frontend development result in a user-friendly application. This is why the best thing your business can do is hire tech experts who can help you out. We, at ititans, are here to offer a variety of IT services to provide solutions for all your IT requirements. Visit our website to know how we can help you achieve your goals!