At present, with the onset of a digital age, having technical skills is essential to make a place for yourself in the job market. This is why there has been a shift towards an increase in the learning and usage of tech stacks in almost all industries. This is also one of the reasons tech companies have become popular and there has been an increase in outsourcing work. Almost all projects in today’s world require some use of a tech stack. You might be wondering what is a tech stack and the next paragraph will answer your question. 

What is a Tech Stack? 

A tech stack is a collection of technologies and tools a tech company employs when working on a project or finding solutions. The tech stack’s two integral components are the front and backend. Frontend frameworks improve the user experience and develop the user interface, primarily dealing with client-side efficiency. The backend framework comprises programming languages, servers, operating systems, and tools developers use to create applications. Choosing an appropriate tech stack for your software company plays an imperative role in determining the company’s success.

If you want to know more about the tech stacks that we use at iTitans, read ahead. We find our expertise in the following areas: 


React is considered a library used to build user interfaces without limitations, as it offers complete flexibility to its developers. However, this flexibility comes at a cost, as it might be hard to catch up if the developer needs more prior experience. Components of React ensure that it is easier for developers and tech companies to handle large-scale projects. 


Node.js is an open-source and cross-platform runtime environment and is considered appropriate for various kinds of projects. It is built on top of the Google Chrome V8 JavaScript engine. A Node.js application runs in a single operation without creating a different thread for every response. Node.js’ design is comparable to Twisted’s in Python and Ruby’s event machine. 


Angular is an easily accessible software created using TypeScript. It is managed by Google and provides developers with a consistent framework to work. It is primarily used to develop single-page applications. The complex features of Angular make it slightly challenging to use initially, but once you get skilled in it, the framework allows tech companies to develop very complex applications.  


In recent years, Python has developed to become one of the world’s most commonly used programming languages. Python is considered a good fit for beginners as it is easy to use and is taught in colleges. It is used for various programs, including creating websites, automating processes, and analyzing data. 


Swift is a user-friendly programming language for iOS, iPadOS, macOS, tvOS, and watchOS. The syntax is brief yet expressive. Swift code is stable and reliable and offers modern features that developers appreciate. Built-in features of Swift make it easier to comprehend the code and make it less prone to errors.  


React, a leading JavaScript toolkit for designing user interfaces, is integrated with the best aspects of native programming in Reach Native. It is considered remarkable for mobile phones. It offers a smooth, dynamic, fast user experience while ensuring low load times. It allows developers and tech companies to create apps much more quickly without compromising on the quality and performance. 


Android is an operating system that is widely used in smartphones, tablets, etc. It is classified as a robust operating system. It supports a considerable number of applications. Android is comparatively more difficult to use to create complicated designs. It doesn’t play an influential role in protecting users from viruses.  


The iPhone operating system is used to power all of Apple’s mobile devices. It provides its users with higher security, so Apple devices are more secure than Android devices. It has a commendable user interface which makes it easier to use. It comprises several pre-installed applications. Moreover, iPhones produce less heat when used as their apps use battery more effectively. 


Millions of devices, including laptops, smartphones, gaming consoles, and others, employ the object-oriented programming language and development platform famously known as Java. The rules and language of Java are derived from the C and C++ languages. The java programming language runs on the following three platforms: 

  1. Java Platform, Standard Edition (Java SE) 
  2. Java Platform, Enterprise Edition (Java EE) 
  3. Java Platform, Micro Edition (Java ME) 

Ruby on Rails  

Ruby on Rails is a programming environment that employs Ruby, a rapidly evolving programming language. Developers and tech companies tend to employ Ruby because it has a relatively simple syntax. Using RoR, you can streamline the entire process of development. At the surface level, Python and Ruby or Rails are similar, but they are significantly different from each other. The language was once more popular than it once was, primarily because of other modern models better than RoR.  


It is a Google-supported open-source programming language that is simple to learn and is considered excellent for teams. Initially, the intention behind building Go was to replace Java and C++. Today, it is used for various tasks such as cloud and server-side applications, Dev Ops, etc. It is a procedural and concurrent language. It is known for its quick functionality.  


Vue is a JavaScript framework used for developing interfaces. It offers a coherent programming model that enables users to create interfaces, whether straightforward or complicated, effectively. Two of its main features include declarative rendering, which allows users to explicitly describe HTML output depending on JavaScript data, and reactivity, which will enable it to quickly update the DOM depending on the state changes of JavaScript.  


Software development and IT teams’ processes can be streamlined and coordinated using the procedures and techniques identified as DevOps. It places a strong emphasis on technological automation. DevOps teams increase reliability due to their use of specific tools that improve and automate procedures. Python is one of the significant programming languages used by DevOps engineers. 


PHP is an all-purpose scripting language that is particularly appropriate for web development. Its functionality ranges from your blogs to the most well-known websites in the world. PHP is faster than Python and several other languages. It will be considered a good fit if developers must process large amounts of data, as speed is integral in enhancing performance.  

Machine Learning 

Machine Learning is a subfield of Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science that uses data and algorithms to model how humans learn. It primarily uses statistical techniques to design intelligent computers to make inferences using the available data. The four different types of machine learning are: 

  1. Supervised learning 
  2. Unsupervised learning 
  3. Semi-supervised learning 
  4. Reinforced learning  


JavaScript is enhanced with TypeScript, which improves the developer experience. It enables programmers to add date security in their designs. It also facilitates its users with various advanced tools, including generics, tuples, and interfaces. TypeScript outperforms JavaScript regarding language features, reference validation, and code maintainability.  


The hypertext markup language (HTML) is preferred for designing Web pages. It is composed of various components that a user can employ to enclose or wrap certain parts of the text, which would alter how the text appears to be. However, some limitations to using HTML include a lack of security and the inability to generate dynamic websites. 


JavaScript is a programming language that enables you to create complex features on a web page. It allows users to develop web pages that aren’t static and instead include features such as real-time updates. It is fast in terms of its operations and relatively simple to understand. Moreover, it can be incorporated into other programming languages, making it easier for developers to use. 


Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a stylesheet language primarily used to instruct the browser on displaying HTML. It is used by a significant number of websites today. It is a challenging language and does require some effort to get skilled in it. CSS comprises some complex elements, resulting in it being classified as a technical language. With the help of CSS, the user can design a page and have the discretion to decide on various small elements of the page, such as the size and the color of the text, the spacing between paragraphs, etc. 

It can arguably be said that specializing in different tech stacks is perhaps the most important skill you can build within yourself. Not only does the usage of tech stacks make work more efficient, but also helps you in making useful contributions towards innovation and the development of different technologies. Almost every business needs some sort of tech stack for a project and if they do not have resources, they end up outsourcing to different tech companies. If you want to stay ahead of competitors in a fast paced digital world like the one we live in today, it is essential that you develop an understanding of what is a tech stack and its functioning.